Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope




Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope (Originally released under Star Wars) was released back in 1977 and would become one of the most seen films ever.

Directed by: George Lucas
Produced by: Gary Kurtz
Written by: George Lucas
Starring: Mark Hamill
Harrison Ford
Carrie Fisher
Peter Cushing
Alec Guinness

The Hero's Journey


The Hero's journey in this film starts when Luke Skywalker is living in the middle of the desert on the planet Tatootine with his step parents (Cliegg Lars and Owen Lars) when they buy two droids off of some Jawas. The two droids (who turn out to be R2-D2 and C-3PO) are being cleaned up when R2-D2 starts to give Luke of a message that states them to search out Obi-Wan Kenobi. The only Kenobi Luke knows is Ben Kenobi (who is the same guy but Luke does not know until later in the film). He tells him that his entire family is endanger and needs to leave, but when he goes back home to see his parents they are already dead, Killed by the Imperial Stormtroopers. This is the beginning of his trip or the Calling.

On his way to the city to find a way to the city he starts to look for a way to get off the planet, he finds to people, Han Solo and Chewbacca. They say that they will give them a ride to Alderaan (what is destroyed a few hours later) in their ship, the Millennium Falcon. After a brief gunfight with the Stormtroopers of the city they are able to escape into space and engage the hyper drive. This is the Threshold of the story.

Along the way, Luke will face many challenges even, such as when Luke goes against the Tusken Raiders (known as the sand people in this film) The gunfight in the city, getting away from the battleships in space, and trying to navigate the asteroid field (what is the remains of the planet Alderaan). He also faces a mental challenge when he loses his step parents (who raised him all his life since real mom is dead and his dad his Darth Vader, But he does not know this).

The biggest challenges the Luke will face is not of physical form but a test of will power and trust in himself. Thou out the story Luke is doubting himself as a Jedi such as when he is on the Falcon trying to deflect a laser from hitting him when his eyes are covered by a helmet (all thou he does end up being able to do it). This goes out thou the journey and hunts him till he is able to trust in his abilities and in the force. This is the abyss.

After getting Princess Leia off the Deathstar the group goes to the rebel hiding place to gather up and launch a all out assault on the Deathstar and end the Empires control of the galaxy. Luke volunteers to fly one of the X-fighters out to the Deathstar. After a battle in space to counter the other fighters, some of the rebel fighters start their attack run in the trench (the only way to destroy the Deathstar is to do a long run thou a trench and show a torpedo thou a small exhaust opening at the end of the trench, a almost impossible task) all of the use their targeting computer to try and find the opening. Most of them end up being killed in the run and the ones who made it end up missing the opening. Being one of the last ones, Luke starts his run on the Deathstar and with the help of the force he is able to destroy the Deathstar. This serves as The Transformation and The Revelation

After blowing up the Deathstar, Luke goes back to the rebel base and his greeted like a hero who just got home from a journey across the world. In the end of the movie, Luke is honored at a rally along with the rest of the cast and the movie ends. This part serves as The Return Home. All thou he is not able to go back home (nor will he be able to in the future) he is a different person, he has confidence in himself and in the force and is able do stuff that if he stayed home would never be able to do.


Archetypes



Thou this film is considered an EPIC SPACE OPERA the hero archetype is still present in the film. Luke in this case is the hero (or more like the modern day man turned into a hero). He comes from a poor background, He has little or no talent (or to his knowledge), has never been anyplace other than his home and every now and then to the city. In the movie he is trained by a master (Obi-Wan Kenobi), he goes on a big adventure to save the world (and in a bigger look the universe), rescues the girl in trouble, and saves the day. All thou some parts of Luke does not fit in the archetype. He was born with a power in him, and had it on him when they found him (but he did not know about the power), with this power Luke is able to do stuff the normal human being would never be able to do, and His arch enemy is his father himself (what he also don’t know).
Luke is not the only archetype present in the film. Leia also serves as the Princess in trouble kind of archetype, she comes from a high class background, she is captured by the enemy (Darth Vader, who is also her father), and she gets rescued by the hero of the day. some stuff that does not match the archetype is that she is not completely useless like most princess are (she helps knock out a few Stormtroopers), and she does not fall into a romantic thing with the hero (instead she goes for the pilot of the ship Han Solo, besides who would want to get romantic with their brother).
One more archetype I would like to point out is the evil villain of the movie, Darth Vader. He follows the norm by kidnapping the princess, trying to kill (and in later movies, kidnapping) the hero, and just being a awesome badass all around, but something that does not match is that he is the heroes father. (In the last move Return of the Jedi, he would help saves the hero).

Archetypes and you



Most people who ends up watching this movie is drawn in more by the archetypes, Epically the zero to hero one. This is because most people can relate to these archetypes or wish it can happen to them. In the movie the Luke is just a (some sort of a) farmer who is drawn into a Galactic War and saves the universe from the troubles of the Empire. Almost everyone in their lives will at one point have this happen to them. Bill Gates for example went from a Harvard University dropout to a CEO of his own company, Aaron Yonder and Mat Sloan in Chad Vader, and others. The movie did not only relate to people, it revolutions the genre in a ways, many people started to make movies about space and heroes (most of them looking like star wars rip offs and terrible movies).